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Which Language is Best for Web Development?

Published Mon Mar 7

Selecting the best coding or programming language for website design and development is a critical task. The best selection facilitates early project completion and helps the design and development team in integrating more essential features in less time and effort. There are numerous coding and/or programming languages, the most commonly used ones in web design and development are HTML, CSS, JavaScript and PHP.

As we know, web development has two facets: one is the front-end and the other is the back-end. Both the facets that are front-end and back-end use different programming languages, tools and technologies. For example, if we talked about front-end web development, the three top languages that appear are HTML, CSS and JavaScript. Similarly, for the back-end web development (also known as server-side web development), different programming languages are required.

In this article, we will discuss the top # programming languages for backend web development.

Top # programming languages for backend web development

Before picking out the best programming language for backend web development, there are some factors to be considered, such as: website requirement, its performance and reliability, etc. So, we will discuss the most recommended and top # programming languages for backend web development.

JavaScript – The most popular in the discussion, when anyone asked which language is best for website development. 9 out of 10 times, people prefer JavaScript for web development. The main reason for its preference is that it is used for both the facets of web development that is front-end and back-end web development. It is one of the leading and preferred programming languages in the technological world. This programming language provides numerous remarkable features such as dynamic typing, lightweight scripting languages for the back end and object-oriented programming support, huge community support, client-side validation for the front-end. The popularity of this language is determined by the fact that even Google and Facebook use it.

Python – This language is popular for its compatibility with new technologies such as the Internet of things, machine learning, data science, etc. Moreover, this enriched programming language is most widely used and suitable for back-end web development. Just like JavaScript, Python is significantly used by Google for back-end web development. Luckily, it is among the three primary languages which are used by Google (including Java and C++). The main advantage of using this language is the vast collection of libraries that makes working easier and more efficient for developers. Other unique features of it are the easy integration and code readability with other languages. Python is used by popular websites such as Pinterest, Spotify and Instacart.

PHP – Hypertext Preprocessor, abbreviated as PHP, is the oldest player of web development. It was created in 1994 and specifically created for web development. It is an open-source back-end scripting language. This scripting language is used for major operating systems such as Windows, macOS, Linux, and Unix, etc. It does not require any compiler as this is an interpreted language. The most popular features of PHP are easy to learn the language, different platform compatibility, huge community support, support of numerous databases such as SQLite, MySQL, etc. Though it has various hash functions, it is a secure back-end scripting language. For the beginners learning perspective, this website is one of the most commonly used languages for back-end web development learning. PHP is used by WordPress, Flickr and MailChimp.

Java – Another typical programming language for back-end web development is Java. This object-oriented language is used for building desktop applications, android applications, scientific applications and enterprise-scale web applications. The most important advantage of Java is that it is coded once and runs anywhere without the need for recompilation. The most common features of Java are the independence of platforms, a vast collection of libraries, portability, automatic memory distribution and garbage collection.
In this article, we have discussed the most common and popular programming languages used for back-end web development. But we will recall again that selecting the programming language is based on various parameters like project goals and requirements.

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